Zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudzana ndi zenizeni mu 2023

Apple ikuyembekezeka kuyambitsa mutu wawo wa VR mu 2023


AppleInsider ikhoza kulandira ntchito yothandizana nayo pazogula zomwe zimapangidwa kudzera pamaulalo patsamba lathu.

Tekinoloje zatsopano zikubwera m’mahedifoni owoneka bwino, ndipo mawu ayamba kusokonekera ngati aliyense akudziwa kale zomwe ali. Nawa mawu ambiri omwe mukumva, ndi zomwe akutanthauza

Mphekesera zikusonyeza kuti Apple VR idzakhala ndi chiwonetsero cha 4K pa diso lililonse, purosesa yamphamvu ya M-mndandanda, komanso mawonekedwe otsata ogwiritsa ntchito. Itha kuwononga mpaka $2,000 pakubwereza koyamba.

Mawu otsatirawa amagwira ntchito pamsika wamutu wonse ndipo akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito, mwina mwa zina, kufotokoza zomwe zikubwera pamutu wa Apple. Mawuwa ndi aukadaulo pang’ono, koma samangodzifotokozera poyang’ana koyamba.

Mawu onse amalembedwa motsatira zilembo. Tikuwonjezera mawu atsopano akamayambitsidwa.

Kodi augmented reality ndi chiyani?

Augmented reality, kapena AR, imatanthawuza kuphimba kwa mapulogalamu komwe sikudalira dziko lenileni. Ogula amapeza kukoma kwawo koyamba kwa zinthu za AR kudzera mu zinthu monga Nintendo 3DS, PS Vita, ndi Google Glass.

Augmented Reality imayika zinthu za digito ngati zokutira zadziko lenileni

Augmented Reality imayika zinthu za digito ngati zokutira zadziko lenileni

Apple yalimbikira kwambiri kuti chowonadi chikhale gawo lofunikira pamakina ake ogwiritsira ntchito. Komabe, sichinapitirire kukhala chinyengo chaphwando chosangalatsa, makamaka.

Ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kugwiritsa ntchito zenizeni zenizeni pa iPhone kapena iPad masiku ano pazochitikira zosiyanasiyana zamasewera kapena kukhazikitsa zojambulajambula. Apple yawonjezeranso njira yolondolera ya AR ku Apple Maps, ngakhale ili ndi malire ndipo imafuna wogwiritsa ntchito kuyimitsa iPhone yawo m’mwamba kuti awone zambiri.

Zowona zenizeni zimasiyana ndi zenizeni zosakanizika, zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito zidziwitso zochokera kudziko lenileni kupanga zokutira za 3D. AR imangokhala chete, kutanthauza kuti idzawoneka ngati chiwonetsero chazithunzi, osati masewera a kanema omasuliridwa kwathunthu.

Mwachitsanzo, “Pokemon Go” idzagwiritsa ntchito LiDAR ya chipangizo kuti ipeze malo athyathyathya ndikuyika Pokemon kuti igwirizane nayo. Sizisintha mtundu wa chilengedwe chomwe chimawonedwa kudzera pachiwonetsero – pulogalamuyo imangowonjezera cholengedwa mosasamala chomwe chazungulira.

Zikuyembekezeka kuti Apple igwiritsa ntchito chowonadi chokhazikika pang’onopang’ono pamutu wake woyamba weniweni. Itha kulola kupitilira kwazithunzi zenizeni kuti zithandizire ogwiritsa ntchito kukhazikitsa m’malo mopereka zochitika zonse za AR.

Kodi kutsatira maso ndi chiyani?

Kutsata kwamaso kumagwiritsa ntchito kusuntha kwenikweni kwa maso a wogwiritsa ntchito kuwongolera avatar kapena kuwongolera mayendedwe. Izi ndizosiyana ndi mafotokozedwe amtundu kapena mawonekedwe.

Mwachitsanzo, chomverera m’makutu cha VR chokhala ndi kutsata ndi maso chingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuonetsa maso a avatar mkati mwa chipinda chochezera. Imathandizira chithunzi chowoneka bwino cha momwe wogwiritsa ntchito akumvera kapena momwe amawonera.

Izi ndizothandizanso pakuweruza pamene wogwiritsa ntchito akuyesera kuwona kunja kwa gawo lawo lakuwona popanda kutembenuza mutu. Zochitika za VR zitha kusintha kuti ziwonetse dera limenelo kapena kuyang’ana menyu osagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri ogwiritsa ntchito.

Kodi gawo lowonera ndi chiyani?

Malo owonera ndi malo omwe amawonekera pamaso pa wogwiritsa ntchito chifukwa cha mawonekedwe omwe amapezeka pazenera. Zomverera m’makutu za VR nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi gawo lomwe limawonekera kwambiri, kotero ogwiritsa ntchito amadzimva ngati ali “mkati” malo m’malo mowonera zenera.

Popeza zowonetsera za VR zili pafupi kwambiri ndi diso la wogwiritsa ntchito, zimatha kutenga masomphenya onse. Komabe, akadali zinthu zakuthupi zomwe sizisuntha, kotero wogwiritsa ntchito amatha kuzindikira m’mphepete mwa chophimba cha VR ngati akuyang’ana.

Nthawi zambiri, ogwiritsa ntchito amangogwiritsa ntchito gawo laling’ono la zenera kutsogolo kwa maso awo, osamasulira mwatsatanetsatane m’mphepete.

Kodi kuperekedwa kwa foveated ndi chiyani?

Foveated rendering imathandizira chomverera m’makutu cha VR kuwongolera zomwe zikuperekedwa kutengera komwe wogwiritsa akuyang’ana. Izi ndizosiyana ndi kuyang’anira maso chifukwa chidziwitsocho chikugwiritsidwa ntchito kuwongolera matembenuzidwe a chilengedwe, osati ma avatar.

Foveated rendering imapangitsa zinthu tsatanetsatane kutengera komwe wogwiritsa akuyang'ana

Foveated rendering imapangitsa zinthu tsatanetsatane kutengera komwe wogwiritsa akuyang’ana

M’malo mopanga chithunzi chowoneka bwino cha pixel-changwiro pa chiwonetsero chonse cha VR, kumasulira kokhazikika kumawonetsetsa kuti dera lomwe lili kutsogolo kwa maso ndilokwanira kuti lisunge mphamvu zamakompyuta.

Ma algorithms apamwamba amatsimikizira komwe wogwiritsa angayang’ane pafupi kuti akonzekeretse zigawo zina kuti azitha kumasulira motsogola. Izi ziyenera kutsogolera ku zochitika zopanda msoko, ngakhale zimadalira kwambiri mphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito mahedifoni.

Kodi kutsatira dzanja ndi thupi ndi chiyani?

Kutsata manja ndi thupi kumadzifotokozera nokha, ngakhale momwe zimakwaniritsidwira zimasiyana kuchokera pamutu kupita kumutu. Mahedifoni oyambirira a VR ankadalira ma LED okongola kapena makamera angapo m’chipinda kuti azitsatira kayendetsedwe ka wosuta. Komabe, izi zapita patsogolo pakuyika masensa molunjika pamutu.

Kutsata pamanja ndi HoloLens

Kutsata pamanja ndi HoloLens

Chomverera m’makutu cha Apple cha VR chikuyembekezeka kugwira ntchito modziyimira pawokha pazinthu zina, chifukwa chake chikhoza kuyang’anira mayendedwe a wogwiritsa ntchito popanda chowongolera kamera chakunja. M’malo mwake, mahedifoni amatha kuwona wogwiritsa ntchito makamera kapena masensa ena, monga LiDAR.

Ma gyroscopes amathanso kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyang’anira mutu wa wogwiritsa ntchito, ndipo LiDAR yoyang’ana kunja imatha kujambula malo omwe ali m’chipindamo kuti apewe kugunda kwa chinthu.

Owongolera ndiwothandizanso pakutsata manja a wogwiritsa ntchito. Mphekesera sizikudziwika ngati Apple ipanga chowongolera cha VR kapena ayi. Kampaniyo ikhoza kukhala ndi chidaliro pakutha kwa mahedifoni ake kutsata manja popanda iwo.

Kodi mayankho a haptic ndi chiyani?

Ndemanga za Haptic zimatanthawuza kukhoza kwa chipangizo kuchitapo kanthu pochita zinthu ndi mapulogalamu poyankha thupi. Kwenikweni, taganizirani za ma motors onjenjemera mu chowongolera chomwe chimakuwuzani ngati munthu wawonongeka pamasewera.

Apple imagwiritsa ntchito mayankho a haptic mu iPhone kutengera makina osindikizira kapena ntchito zina. Akagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera, wogwiritsa ntchitoyo amawona mayankho a haptic ngati gawo la kuyanjana koma amasiyanitsa ndi mota yogwedezeka.

Chomverera m’makutu cha VR chikhoza kutenga mwayi woyankha modzidzimutsa kuchenjeza wogwiritsa ntchito za kugunda kwa chinthu, kapena mapulogalamu atha kutenga mwayi woyerekeza mbali zamasewera. Mwachitsanzo, mayankho a haptic angawuze wogwiritsa kuti pali china chake kumbuyo kwawo.

Ma Haptics ndiwothandizanso pakuwongolera VR. Woyang’anira atha kunjenjemera kuwonetsa kuti lupanga lawo lomwe lili mkati mwamasewera lagundana ndi chinthu, kapena mwina awunikira chinthu chomwe chili ndi cholozera.

Kodi LiDAR ndi chiyani?

LiDAR, kapena njira yopepuka komanso yoyambira, ndi sensa yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mawonekedwe a 3D a chilengedwe cha pulogalamu. Pa iPhone kapena iPad Pro, masensa a LiDAR nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti apeze malo athyathyathya pazochitikira zenizeni zenizeni.

LiDAR imatha kudziwa zomwe zili m'malo a 3D ndikuzimanganso mu mapulogalamu

LiDAR imatha kudziwa zomwe zili m’malo a 3D ndikuzimanganso mu mapulogalamu

Pamutu wa VR, LiDAR ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga mapu a chipinda, kotero mapulogalamuwa amadziwa kumene zinthu zili. Izi zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthandiza wogwiritsa ntchito kupewa kugundana akamagwiritsa ntchito mahedifoni.

Mapulogalamu apamwamba kwambiri a LiDAR atha kupereka zidziwitso zenizeni zenizeni kuti zokumana nazo zosakanikirana zitha kuperekedwa. Kapena, masensa amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kutsata manja kapena thupi la wogwiritsa ntchito akamasuntha.

Chowonadi chosakanikirana ndi chiyani?

Chowonadi chosakanikirana ndiukadaulo wapamwamba kwambiri womwe umaphatikiza dziko lenileni ndi mapulogalamu mkati mwa VR mahedifoni. Ogwiritsa ntchito akadakhalabe mkati mwa zochitika zenizeni zenizeni, koma zinthu zenizeni zidzayimiridwa ndi zenizeni zenizeni zenizeni.

HoloLens yowonetsa ma torque a zomangira panjinga yamoto

HoloLens yowonetsa ma torque a zomangira panjinga yamoto

Ngati chowonadi chowonjezereka ndi pulogalamu yokhayo yomwe ili pa dziko lenileni, zenizeni zosakanikirana ndi mapulogalamu omwe ali wodziwa za dziko lenileni. Mwachitsanzo, zowona zosakanikirana zitha kuwona njinga yamoto yomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito ndikukuwonetsani magawo omwe mukusintha munthawi yeniyeni, motsutsana ndi zenizeni zenizeni ndikukuta mndandanda wamasitepe.

Ndizosiyana ndi zenizeni zenizeni, nawonso, popeza zochitika za VR sadziwa konse zakunja. Mwayikidwa m’dziko lomwe adasinthidwiratu pa VR ndipo simukuwona dziko lomwe likuzungulirani.

Zowona zosakanizidwa zimafuna mphamvu zambiri zowerengera kuposa zenizeni zenizeni kapena zenizeni zenizeni chifukwa zikugwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje onse munthawi yeniyeni. Tangoganizani kusintha nyumba yanu kukhala nkhalango zenizeni zenizeni, koma mipando iliyonse imayimiriridwa ndi mtengo kapena chitsamba poyerekezera. Kumapeto kwaukadaulo wa AR ndi VR.

Kodi Spatial Audio ndi chiyani?

Spatial Audio ndikukhazikitsa kwa Apple kwamawu owongolera omwe amatengera komwe kumamveka, mtunda, ndi komwe kumayendera mkati mwa danga la 3D. Chifukwa chake, nyimbo kapena media zomwe zimapezerapo mwayi pa Spatial Audio zizimveka ngati zikuchokera kuzungulira inu, osati pamaso panu.

Spatial Audio yokhala ndi kutsatira mutu imalola ogwiritsa ntchito kudutsa malo omvera a 3D

Spatial Audio yokhala ndi kutsatira mutu imalola ogwiritsa ntchito kudutsa malo omvera a 3D

Apple imagwiritsa ntchito ma audio omwe alipo a Dolby kuti apangitsenso mawu mu 3D space. Spatial Audio ndi yosiyana ndi ma track wamba a Dolby Atmos, mwachitsanzo, chifukwa cha momwe Apple imasinthira mafayilo. Itha kugwiritsa ntchito ma gyroscopes a chipangizo kuti wogwiritsa ntchito “asunthire” kudutsa malo omvera a 3D ndikutsata mutu.

Spatial Audio itenga gawo lofunikira kwambiri pazochitikira zenizeni. Mahedifoni amakono a Apple monga AirPods Pro 2 ndi AirPods Max amatha kutengerapo mwayi pamawonekedwewo, ngakhale sizikudziwikiratu momwe Apple ingayankhire zomvera mu VR ngati wosuta alibe AirPods.

Kodi zenizeni zenizeni ndi chiyani?

Zowona zenizeni, kapena VR, ndi pulogalamu yokhazikika yomwe siyimawerengera dziko lenileni, komanso dziko lenileni silikuwoneka likagwiritsidwa ntchito. Chomverera m’makutu chimabisa mawonekedwe a wogwiritsa ntchito pomwe mapulogalamu amawonetsedwa pamawonekedwe omwe ali mainchesi kutali ndi maso a wogwiritsa ntchito.

Pulogalamuyi ikuwonetsedwa mu chikhalidwe chomwe sichinatchulidwepo chomwe chimangodziwa bwino malo a wosuta. Zomverera pamutu zingathandize kuchenjeza wogwiritsa ntchito kugunda komwe kungachitike ndi zinthu zenizeni, koma chidziwitso cha VR sichikhudzidwa ndi izi.

Zowona zenizeni zimasiyana ndi zenizeni zenizeni chifukwa zimatengera masomphenya a wogwiritsa ntchito m’malo mobisa zambiri zadziko lenileni. Chowonadi chenicheni chimakhala chosakanikirana ngati chomverera m’makutu chimatha kupanga mapulogalamu amtundu wadziko lenileni ndikuwerengera zinthu zozungulira.

Kodi xrOS kapena RealityOS ndi chiyani?

Apple ikunenedwa kuti ikugwira ntchito pa makina opangira omwe amapangidwira zenizeni zenizeni komanso zenizeni zenizeni. Ikagwiritsidwa ntchito pamutu wake woyamba wa VR ndipo imatchedwa RealityOS kapena xrOS.

Apple's VR headset ikuyembekezeka kuyendetsa xrOS

Apple’s VR headset ikuyembekezeka kuyendetsa xrOS

Makina ogwiritsira ntchito mwina atenga mbali za mapulogalamu ena a Apple, kotero ogwiritsa ntchito amadziwa nthawi yomweyo momwe angagwirizanitse ndi mapulogalamu ndi menyu. Apple yakhala ikukakamiza opanga kuti apange zokumana nazo za AR kale, kotero kuti sitepe yopita ku VR ikhoza kukhala yaying’ono.

Ngakhale akadali malingaliro a RealityOS mu iOS ya Apple, dzina lomaliza likuyembekezeka kukhala xrOS, lomwe limayimira “njira yowonjezereka yogwiritsira ntchito zenizeni.” Os imodzi ya AR ndi VR ikhoza kutseka kusiyana kuchokera pamutu wa Apple VR kupita ku magalasi amtsogolo a AR omwe amatchedwa “Apple Glass.”

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